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Navratri Festival 2021 – Date, History, Celebration of Navratri

Navratri Festival 2021 – Date, History, Celebration of Navratri

Navratri Festival 2021 – Date, History, Celebration of Navratri: Navratri is a significant Hindu festival that is observed over nine nights and 10 days during which nine forms of Goddess Durga are worshipped. The festival marks the victory of good over evil.

As per the Mahakala Samhita, there are four Navratri in the Vedic calendar named Sharad Navratri, Chaitra Navratri, Magha Gupta Navratri, and Ashadha Gupta Navratri. The Navratri that usually falls in September-October is known as Sharad Navratri. It is the most significant Navratri that is celebrated with great fervor and enthusiasm across the country.

This year the Sharad Navratri began today, October 7 with Ghatasthapana and end on October 15 with Vijay Dashami and Durga Visarjan. Know about the history, significance, and day wise auspicious timings

NAVRATRI 2021: HISTORY

According to Hindu legends, Lord Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva combined their powers to create Goddess Durga to defeat the demon king Mahishasura after he attacked Trilok – Earth, Heaven, and Hell.

No one could defeat Mahishasura as Lord Brahma granted him the wish that stated he could only be defeated by a woman. After a 15-day long battle, Goddess Durga killed him with her Trishul on the day of Mahalya.

Navratri, (Sanskrit: “Nine Nights”) in full Sharad Navratri, Navratri also spelled Navaratri, in Hinduism, the major festival held in honor of the divine feminine. Navratri occurs over 9 days during the month of Ashvin, or Ashvina (in the Gregorian calendar, usually September–October).

Happy navratri festival date history celebration of navratri

Happy Navratri festival date history celebration of Navratri

It often ends with the Dussehra (also called Vijayadashami) celebration on the 10th day. In some parts of India, Dussehra is considered a focal point of the festival, making it effectively span 10 days instead of 9.

Additionally, as Navratri depends on the lunar calendar, in some years it may be celebrated for 8 days, with Dussehra on the 9th.

There are four similar festivals, also called Navratri, which are held at various stages of the year. However, the early autumn festival, also called Sharad Navratri, is the most significant.

It begins on the same day as Durga Puja, a 10-day festival devoted to the victory of the goddess Durga, which is particularly celebrated in certain eastern states.

Navratri is celebrated differently in India’s various regions. For many people, it is a time of religious reflection and fasting, while for others it is a time for dancing and feasting. Among fasting, customs are observing a strict vegetarian diet and abstaining from alcohol and certain spices.

Dances performed include Garba, especially in Gujarat. Typically, the festival’s nine nights are dedicated to different aspects of the divine feminine principle or shakti.

While the pattern varies somewhat by region, generally the first third of the festival focuses on aspects of the goddess Durga, the second third on the goddess Lakshmi, and the final third on the goddess Sarasvati.

Offerings are often made to the goddesses and their various aspects, and rituals are performed in their honor. One popular ritual is Kanya Puja, which takes place on the eighth or ninth day.

In this ritual, nine young girls are dressed as the nine goddess aspects celebrated during Navratri and are worshipped with ritual foot-washing and given offerings such as food and clothing.

Among some followers of the goddess Durga, who are particularly predominant in Bengal and Assam, the festival is known as or coincides with the Durga Puja (“Rite of Durga”). Special images of Durga commemorating her victory over the buffalo-headed demon Mahishasura are worshipped daily.

On the 10th day (Dussehra) they are taken in jubilant processions to nearby rivers or reservoirs for immersion in water. In addition to family observances, the puja, or ritual, days are also celebrated with public concerts, recitations, plays, and fairs.

In some regions, Dussehra is collected into Navratri, and the entire 10-day celebration is known by that name. Whether throughout the festival or as the 10th day, Dussehra is a time to celebrate the triumphs of good over evil, such as Durga’s victory over Mahishasura.

In some parts of India, Dussehra is associated with the victory of the god Rama over the demon-king Ravana. In northern India, the Ram Lila (“Play of Rama”) is the highlight of the festival.

On successive nights different episodes of the epic poem the Ramayana are dramatized by young actors elaborately costumed and masked; the pageant is always climaxed by the burning of huge effigies of the demons.

Athletic tournaments and hunting expeditions are often organized. Some celebrate by erecting bonfires and burning effigies of Ravana, which are sometimes stuffed with fireworks. In many regions, Dussehra is considered an auspicious time to begin educational or artistic pursuits, especially for children.

Navratri meaning

Navratri meaning

NAVRATRI 2021: SIGNIFICANCE

Nine different avatars of Goddess Durga are worshipped during the Navaratri 2021.

The 1st day is dedicated to Goddess Shailputri, 2nd to Brahmacharini, 3rd to Chandraghanta, 4th day to Kushmanda, 5th day to Skandamata, 6th day to Katyayani, 7th day to Kaalratri, 8th to Mahagauri, and 9th day to Siddhidatri.

It is believed that worshipping these nine incarnations of goddess Durga during Navratri blessed devotees with prosperity, health, and wisdom in their life.

NAVRATRI 2021: DAY-WISE AUSPICIOUS TIMINGS – Navratri Date

Day 1: The first day of Navratri begins with Ghatasthapana that falls on Pratipada Tithi. The Pratiada Tithi will prevail from 04:34 PM, October 6 to 01:46 PM, October 7. The auspicious time for Ghatasthapana is 06:17 AM to 07:07 AM and 11:45 AM to 12:32 PM on October 7.

Day 2: Dwitiya Tithi will fall on October 8 as it will begin at 01:46 PM, October 7, and prevail till 10:48 AM, October 8.

Day 3: The Tritiya Tithi will take place from 10:48 AM, October 8 to 07:48 AM, October 9.

Day 4: Chaturthi Tithi timings are 07:48 AM, October 9 to 04:55 AM, October 10.

Day 5: Panchami Tithi will fall on October 10 from 04:55 AM to 02:14 AM on October 11.

Day 6: Shashthi Tithi will be marked on October 11 between 02:14 AM and 11:50 PM.

Day 7: Saptami of Navratri will be observed on October 12 as it will commence at 11:50 PM on October 11 and last up to 09:47 PM on October 12.

Day 8: The Ashtami Tithi which is also known as Mahashtami or Maha Durgashtami will prevail from 09:47 PM, October 12 to 08:07 PM, October 13. It is one of the most significant days of Navratri.

Day 9: Navami Tithi or Mahanavami is the day when Goddess Durga killed the demon Mahishasura. It will prevail between 08:07 PM, October 13 to 06:52 PM, October 14.

Day 10: The Dashami Tithi or Vijayadashami is the last day of Navratri. It is also known as Dussehra and celebrates the triumph of Goddess Durga (navdurga) over Mahishasura. It will begin at 06:52 PM on October 14 and continue till 06:02 PM on October 15.

Navratri ashtami 2021

Navratri Ashtami 2021

Navratri 2021: नवरात्रि की अष्टमी 13 अक्टूबर को या 14 को? दूर कर लें कंफ्यूजन, जानें सही तिथि और पूजा का शुभ मुहूर्त

Navratri 2021 maha ashtami navami date: नवरात्रि (Navratri 2021)में अष्टमी (Maha Ashtami 2021)और नवमी तिथि (Navami 2021 date) का खास महत्व होता है. इन दोनों दिन लोग कन्या पूजन भी करते हैं. इस दिन मिट्टी के नौ कलश रखे जाते हैं और देवी दुर्गा के नौ रूपों का ध्यान कर उनका आह्वान किया जाता है.

अष्टमी समाप्त होने के अंतिम 24 मिनट और नवमी प्रारंभ होने के शुरुआती 24 मिनट के समय को संधि क्षण या काल कहते हैं. संधि काल का ये समय दुर्गा पूजा के लिए सबसे शुभ माना जाता है.

Navratri 2021 Maha Ashtami date: नवरात्रि में मां दुर्गा की पूजा विशेष कल्याणकारी मानी जाती है. आदि शक्ति मां दुर्गा की परम कृपा प्राप्त करने के लिए नवरात्रि का समय बेहद शुभ होता है. नवरात्रि में अष्टमी (Maha Ashtami 2021) और नवमी तिथि (Maha Navami 2021 date) का खास महत्व होता है. इन दोनों दिन लोग कन्या पूजन भी करते हैं.

इस दिन मिट्टी के नौ कलश रखे जाते हैं और देवी दुर्गा के नौ रूपों का ध्यान कर उनका आह्वान किया जाता है. आइए जानते हैं कि अष्टमी-नवमी कब है और इस दिन किस शुभ मुहूर्त में मां की आराधना की जा सकेगी.

अष्टमी तिथि और पूजा का शुभ मुहूर्त (Ashtami Date and Shubh Muhurt)

अष्टमी तिथि 12 अक्टूबर रात 9 बजकर 47 मिनट से शुरू होकर 13 अक्टूबर रात्रि 8 बजकर 6 मिनट तक रहेगी. अष्टमी तिथि मानने वाले लोग 13 अक्टूबर को बुधवार के दिन व्रत रखेंगे और कन्या पूजन करेंगे. इस दिन अमृत काल सुबह 3 बजकर 23 मिनट से सुबह 4 बजकर 56 मिनट तक रहेगा. वहीं ब्रह्म मुहूर्त सुबह 4 बजकर 48 मिनट से शुरु होकर 5 बजकर 36 मिनट तक है. चौघड़िया का समय इस प्रकार है.

दिन का चौघड़िया (Din ka Choghadiya)

लाभ – 06:26 AM से 07:53 PM तक
अमृत – 07:53 AM से 09:20 PM तक
शुभ – 10:46 AM से 12:13 PM तक
लाभ – 16:32 AM से 17:59 PM तक

रात का चौघड़िया (Raat ka Choghadiya)

शुभ – 19:32 PM से 21:06 PM तक
अमृत – 21:06 PM से 22:39 PM तक
लाभ – 03:20 PM से 04:53 PM तक

नवमी तिथि और पूजा का शुभ मुहूर्त (Navami Date and Shubh Muhurt)

नवमी तिथि 13 अक्टूबर रात 8 बजकर 7 मिनट से लेकर 14 अक्टूबर शाम 6 बजकर 52 मिनट तक रहेगी. नवमी मानने वाले लोग गुरुवार, 14 अक्टूबर को पूजन करेंगे. इस दिन पूजा का अभिजीत मुहूर्त सुबह 11 बजकर 43 मिनट से दोपहर 12 बजकर 30 मिनट तक रहेगा.

अमृत काल सुबह 11 बजे से लेकर दोपहर 12 बजकर 35 मिनट तक है जबकि ब्रह्म मुहूर्त सुबह 4 बजकर 49 मिनट से 5 बजकर 37 मिनट तक है. चौघड़िया का समय इस प्रकार है.

दिन का चौघड़िया (Din ka Choghadiya)

शुभ – 06:27 AM से 07:53 PM तक
लाभ – 12:12 PM से 13:39 PM तक
अमृत – 13:39 PM से 15:05 PM तक
शुभ – 16:32 PM से 17:58 PM तक

रात का चौघड़िया (Raat ka Choghadiya)

अमृत– 17:58 PM से 19:32 PM तक
लाभ – 00:13 PM से 01:46 PM तक
शुभ – 03:20 PM से 04:54 PM तक
अमृत – 04:54 PM से 06:27 PM तक

अष्टमी-नवमी तिथि में संधि पूजा का महत्व- अष्टमी समाप्त होने के अंतिम 24 मिनट और नवमी प्रारंभ होने के शुरुआती 24 मिनट के समय को संधि क्षण या काल (Sandhi Puja 2021) कहते हैं. संधि काल का ये समय दुर्गा पूजा के लिए सबसे शुभ माना जाता है.

ऐसी मान्यता है कि संधि काल में ही देवी दुर्गा ने प्रकट होकर असुर चंड और मुंड का वध किया था. इस समय माता रानी को विशेष भोग लगाने की परंपर है. संधि काल के समय 108 दीपक जलाये जाते हैं.

Also Read: Who Is Goddess Maa Durga & Birth of Durga Mata?

What’s the story behind Vasant Navratri?

The story behind the festival widely celebrated around the country India is very interesting and fascinating. The festival is the symbol of good over evil. During the nine days Goddess Durga fought with demon Mahisasur and when he was beheaded by Durga, the day was called Vijaydashami.

Why do we celebrate Navratri?

It is the biggest and longest-running festival celebrated in India and is the main Hindu festival. Navratri signifies the good deeds over the bad ones. The nine-day-long fight between Goddess and the demon proved good over evil. We celebrate Navratri as it is believed that worshipping Goddess Durga during these days provides inner strength, power, and helps in receiving salvation. Those who celebrate these nine days with pure heart and soul receive blessings from Durga.

How to Celebrate Navratri?

During nine days nine forms of Goddess Durga are celebrated and worshipped. It is very important to know how to celebrate Navratri. Celebrated as an important day the Kalash Sthapna is a major part of the festival. Devotees keep Kalash with mango leaves and coconut with red sindoor.

Haldi, Kumkum, Chandan, Water, a few Currency coins, and fresh flowers along with red chunari are some essentials required.

The nine forms of Goddess Durga

The nine forms of Durga with dates and Ashtami
  • Day 1: Shailputri Puja
  • Day 2: Brahmacharini Puja
  • Day 3: Chandraghanta Puja
  • Day 4: Kushmanda Puja
  • Day 5: Skandamata Puja
  • Day 6: Katyayani Puja
  • Day 7: Kalaratri Puja
  • Day 8: 20th April (Tuesday) Annapurna Ashtami: Mahagauri Puja
  • Day 9: 21st April (Wednesday) Rama Navami: Siddhidatri Puja

Navratri is celebrated around the country and it is called with different names. There are many ways to celebrate this festival. The beliefs of devotees remain the same. The blessings of Goddess Durga are believed to be the most powerful blessing.

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